How to Get a Job in IT: 10 Steps

Mayank GuptaAnshuman Singh
21 Min Read

In today’s technologically advanced world, the demand for IT professionals is on the rise. According to a report from the Economic Times, the Indian IT sector is expected to see a 15–20% increase in hiring in 2024, after a 40–45% increase in 2023. This rapid growth is fueled by our increasing reliance on technology across all sectors, from healthcare and finance to manufacturing and retail. Thus, the field of IT offers diverse and exciting career opportunities.

If you are passionate about technology and looking to start a career in IT, this article will guide you through the essential steps to land a job in this dynamic industry. By following these steps and putting in the necessary effort, you can position yourself as a strong candidate and increase your chances of getting hired.

how can you get a job in IT

Step 1: Understand the IT Landscape

The exciting world of IT offers a vast array of career paths. But before diving in, it’s crucial to develop a solid understanding of the IT landscape. Here’s how to get started:

  • Explore IT Roles: Research different IT specializations like software development, cybersecurity, network administration, database management, and more. By understanding the functionalities and responsibilities of these roles, you can identify your area of interest and align your career goals accordingly.
  • Stay Current with Tech Trends: The IT field is dynamic, and employers seek candidates with technical skills. You can stay informed by joining online tech forums, reading industry blogs, and connecting with other professionals through platforms like LinkedIn and online communities.
  • Develop Soft Skills: Soft skills are just as crucial in IT as technical skills. Employers place great value on effective communication, problem-solving skills, teamwork, and flexibility. These abilities improve your connections in the workplace and help you work together on projects successfully.
  • Explore Industry Applications: IT plays a vital role across various sectors. Every industry has different IT needs and prospects, from finance and healthcare to e-commerce and entertainment. By understanding how IT interacts with other industries, you may customize your career path and skill set to meet the needs of particular industries. This opens doors for exciting opportunities and career growth!

Step 2: Assess and Polish Relevant IT Skills

Once you have a clear understanding of the IT landscape, it’s time to assess your existing skills and identify areas for improvement.

  • Target Your Learning: Research job descriptions for your desired IT roles. This helps you identify specific skills employers are looking for.
  • Sharpen Your Tech Toolkit: Assess your proficiency in programming languages, operating systems (Mac, Linux, and Microsoft operating system), databases, and IT tools. Online courses by Scaler and boot camps can help fill any knowledge gaps.
  • Focus on Emerging Trends: In 2024-2025, keep an eye on trends like:
    • Cloud Expertise: Cloud skills like AWS, Azure, or GCP are increasingly valuable across various IT roles.
    • Cybersecurity: With rising cyber threats, cybersecurity expertise in areas like penetration testing or security operations (SecOps) is in high demand.
    • Automation and DevOps: The ability to automate tasks and integrate DevOps principles is becoming a core competency for IT professionals.
    • Data Analytics: Data analysis and visualization skills are valuable across IT roles, from business intelligence to data science.
  • Soft Skills Matter Too: Don’t forget communication, problem-solving, teamwork, and adaptability! These soft skills are highly valued by employers and make you a well-rounded candidate.
  • Stay Ahead & Gain Experience: Stay updated on industry trends through publications, workshops, and online forums. Network with IT professionals to gain insights and potential collaborations. Real-world experience is gold! Look for internships, freelance projects, or volunteer opportunities to apply your knowledge and build problem-solving skills.

 Step 3: Earn Relevant Certifications

While not strictly necessary for every IT role, certifications can demonstrate your expertise in specific areas and validate your skills to potential employers. Employers value candidates who show the initiative to continuously learn and update their skills as technology advances. Consider pursuing certifications relevant to your chosen field, such as:

  • Networking: Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP), CompTIA Network+
  • Security: Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), CompTIA Security+
  • Cloud Computing: Amazon Web Services (AWS) Certified Solutions Architect, Microsoft Azure Fundamentals
  • Software Development: CompTIA A+, Java Certified Programmer (JCP), Microsoft Certified Solutions Developer (MCSD)

Remember, the best certifications for you depend on your career goals. These certifications validate your proficiency and demonstrate your commitment to continuous learning in the ever-evolving IT landscape. Investing in your professional development opens the door to interesting job options and progress in the IT industry. Explore platforms like Scaler to find comprehensive courses and resources to help you prepare for IT jobs.

Step 4: Build Hands-On Experience

While theoretical knowledge is essential, hands-on experience is highly valued by employers in the IT industry. Here’s your toolkit to build practical skills and impress recruiters:

Take Off with Real Work

  • Internships & Co-ops: These programs offer valuable opportunities to apply your knowledge to real-world problems within a professional environment. Internships are typically shorter stints, while co-ops provide more extended work experiences often integrated with your academic studies.
  • Freelance Projects: Work on diverse assignments, hone your skills in project management and client communication and deliver results on deadlines.
  • Open Source Projects: Collaborate on freely accessible projects, showcase your teamwork and commitment to continuous learning, and expand your technical expertise. 

Showcase Your Skills & Creativity

  • Personal Projects: Explore areas of interest beyond your academic curriculum. By undertaking personal projects, you can demonstrate your creativity and problem-solving skills, setting yourself apart from other candidates.
  • Online Presence: Contribute to platforms like GitHub or StackOverflow to showcase your expertise. This visibility can attract potential employers seeking skilled IT professionals.

Expand Your Skillset:

  • Coursework: Consider enrolling in practical courses or programs to accelerate your learning journey. Platforms like Scaler offer comprehensive courses and programs that can prepare you for IT Job roles. 
  • Volunteering: Put your skills to good use! Volunteer with organizations that need IT support. This allows you to gain experience on real projects you can highlight in your job applications.

By actively gaining hands-on experience, you’ll transform yourself into a well-rounded IT professional with the skills and experience to tackle real-world challenges and deliver impactful results. This will make you a highly sought-after candidate in the exciting world of IT!

Step 5: Expand Your Knowledge through Education

The field of IT is vast and ever-expanding. While a degree isn’t always a must, a Bachelor’s or Master’s in a relevant field can seriously boost your skills and career options.  Additionally, many employers value candidates with advanced degrees, which can open doors to higher-level positions and increase earning potential in the long run.

Degree Paths:

  • Bachelor’s: Pursue a Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, Information Technology, Cybersecurity, Software Engineering, or Data Science. You can consider enrolling in Scaler School of Technology which offers a Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science. When choosing a program, research accreditation, faculty expertise, and specializations offered to find the best fit for your goals.
  • Master’s: Explore Master of Science in Computer Science (MSCS), Information Technology (MSIT), Cybersecurity (MSCB), Software Engineering (MSE), or Data Science (MDS). School of Technology also offers a Master’s degree in Computer Science to equip you with industry-ready skills and prepare you for a successful IT career.

Selecting a program aligned with your interests is key. Explore specializations like cybersecurity, data science, software engineering, or network administration to gain in-depth knowledge and hands-on experience.

Regardless of your chosen path, staying up-to-date with advancements in IT is crucial. Consider ongoing education and professional development opportunities to thrive in this ever-evolving field.

Step 6: Network with IT Professionals

In the IT industry, networking is of utmost importance. Building and nurturing professional relationships can greatly expand your opportunities and increase your visibility in the job market.  Here’s how to get started:

  • Connect at Events: Attend industry meetups, conferences, and seminars. When attending industry events, make sure to come prepared with a stack of business cards to exchange contact information with new connections. Follow up with a personalized email or message to express your interest in maintaining the relationship. 
  • Join Online Communities:  Engage with IT professionals and experts on platforms like LinkedIn or Reddit. Participating in discussions and asking thoughtful questions showcases your knowledge and helps you build relationships.
  • Professional Organizations: Consider joining IT associations or groups. These organizations offer networking events, resources, and opportunities to learn from experienced professionals. These groups often host networking mixers, workshops, and mentorship programs that can further enhance your connections and knowledge within the industry

A strong network can provide valuable insights, and career advice, and even lead to job opportunities through referrals. By actively participating in these networking activities, you can establish yourself as a proactive and engaged member of the IT community, opening doors to new career prospects and collaborations.

Step 7: Master the Art of Job Searching

When it comes to finding a job in IT, a well-thought-out job-searching strategy is crucial. The exciting world of IT offers a plethora of career paths. Here’s how to navigate the job search and land your dream role:

Target Your Search:  Tailor your job search to positions that align with your skills and goals. Research different IT specializations like cybersecurity, data science, or software engineering to find your niche. You can search for the following entry-level titles in your job search:

  • IT Associate
  • Network Associate
  • Help Desk Specialist
  • System Analyst 
  • System Administrator
  • Database Administrator
  • Computer Support Specialist

Network & Sharpen Your Skills: Developing contacts with IT specialists can result in helpful recommendations and access to various job openings. To stay updated, keep learning with certifications and courses.

Go Beyond Job Boards & Personalize Your Application: While online job boards are a good starting point, explore other avenues. Utilize professional networking platforms like LinkedIn and industry-specific websites to find hidden job opportunities. Customize your cover letter and CV for each job role, emphasizing how well you fit the role.

The Power of Social Media:  Build your online presence! Maintain an updated LinkedIn profile and actively engage in relevant IT communities. Share insightful articles and participate in discussions to showcase your expertise and attract potential employers.

Step 8: Craft a Winning Resume and Cover Letter

A well-crafted resume and cover letter are essential tools for getting noticed by potential employers. Make a strong first impression with a concise and impactful resume. Highlight relevant skills, certifications, and achievements using action verbs and quantifiable results.

Pro Resume Tips:

  • Clear Structure & Strong Summary: Organize your resume for easy reading and start with a compelling summary highlighting your career goals and key qualifications.
  • Detailed Work History: Break down your work experience, emphasizing accomplishments and developed skills in each role.
  • Credentials & Learning: Showcase your commitment to continuous learning by including relevant certifications, licenses, and professional development courses.

Each application deserves a unique cover letter. Tailor your cover letter to each position, demonstrating how your skills align with the requirements. Explain why you’re the perfect fit and the value you bring to the organization. 

By following these tips, you’ll craft a resume that grabs attention and positions you as a top candidate.

Step 9: Enhance Your Interview Skills

Preparing for interviews is crucial to make a lasting impression on potential employers. Here’s how to prepare and shine in the interview- 

  • Research & Practice: Research common interview questions in the IT industry and practice your responses. Understand the technical aspects of the role you are applying for, as you may encounter technical interviews or coding challenges. Be prepared to demonstrate your problem-solving skills and explain your thought process.
  • Develop Your Soft Skills: Furthermore, develop your interpersonal skills to effectively communicate your ideas and engage in meaningful conversations during the interview. Practice active listening and asking thoughtful questions to demonstrate your genuine interest in the position and the company.
  • Mock Interviews: Conduct mock interviews to reframe your responses, boost confidence, and identify areas for improvement. Consider online platforms like InterviewBit for mock interviews.

Prepare for Both Behavioral & Technical Questions

IT interviews often involve both behavioral and technical questions.

Behavioral Questions

Prepare stories from past experiences demonstrating your skills and problem-solving abilities.  Think about times when things went well, and when they didn’t – and what you learned from those experiences. Here are some examples – 

  • Tell me about a time you faced a challenge at work. How did you overcome it?
  • Describe a time you had to work effectively as part of a team.
  • Can you give an example of a time you went above and beyond for a customer or colleague? 
  • Tell me about a situation where you had to explain a complex technical concept to someone with no technical background.

Technical Questions

Research the job role and find technical questions related to the specific technologies or software mentioned in the job description. Here are some examples:

Networking:

  • What are the main differences between a network switch and a router?
  • How would you troubleshoot a network connectivity issue? 

Cybersecurity:

  • What are some common cybersecurity threats organizations face today? 
  • How would you implement a strong password policy for an organization? 

Software Development:

  • Explain the concept of object-oriented programming. 
  • Describe the different stages of the software development life cycle (SDLC). 

Database Management:

  • What are the different types of database models?
  • How would you write a SQL query to retrieve specific data from a database? 

Remember: These are just a few examples to get you started!  The vast world of IT offers a variety of specializations, so the specific technical questions you encounter will vary depending on the role you apply for. To explore a wider range of interview questions and delve deeper into different IT topics, check out InterviewBit blogs. 

Step 10: Continuous Learning and Professional Development

Securing a job in IT is just the beginning of your career journey. The field is constantly evolving, and staying up-to-date with the latest technologies and industry trends is essential for long-term success. 

  • Engage in continuous learning by attending workshops, webinars, and online courses to expand your knowledge and skills.
  • Additionally, consider joining professional organizations and associations in the IT industry. These memberships provide access to valuable resources, networking opportunities, and professional development events.
  • Furthermore, taking on side projects or personal coding challenges can also be a great way to enhance your skills and keep your mind sharp. By working on real-world problems outside of your regular job responsibilities, you can gain practical experience and learn new techniques that you may not encounter in your day-to-day work.

Moreover, seeking out mentorship opportunities can be incredibly beneficial for your professional growth. Connecting with experienced professionals in the field can provide you with valuable insights, guidance, and advice to help you navigate your career path and make informed decisions.

Conclusion

Getting a job in the IT industry requires dedication, continuous learning, and the right strategy. By understanding the IT landscape, assessing and enhancing your skills, earning relevant certifications, gaining hands-on experience, expanding your knowledge through education, networking with professionals, mastering the art of job searching, crafting a winning resume and cover letter, enhancing your interview skills, and committing to continuous learning and professional development, you can position yourself as a strong candidate in the competitive IT job market.

Remember, success in the IT industry is not achieved overnight. It requires perseverance, adaptability, and a passion for technology. Stay motivated, keep learning, and embrace the ever-changing nature of the industry to thrive in your IT career.

FAQs

How do I start my career in IT?

Starting a career in IT typically involves gaining relevant skills and knowledge through education, training programs, certifications, or self-study. You can begin by identifying your areas of interest within IT, such as software development, networking, cybersecurity, or data science, and then acquiring the necessary skills through courses or hands-on experience.

What are the qualifications to get IT job?

Qualifications for IT jobs vary depending on the specific role and employer requirements. While a degree in computer science or a related field can be advantageous, many IT professionals also enter the field through alternative paths such as coding bootcamps, online courses, or self-directed learning. Additionally, obtaining relevant certifications in areas like programming languages, cloud computing, or cybersecurity can enhance your qualifications and marketability to employers.

Is IT hard to get a job as an IT?

The IT job market is generally favorable for candidates with the right skillset. However, competition can be high for certain specialized roles. Continuous learning and staying up-to-date with the latest technologies will strengthen your candidacy.

How can I get into IT?

To enter the field of IT, aspiring professionals can take several steps, including:

  • Identifying their areas of interest and desired career path within IT.
  • Acquiring relevant skills and knowledge through education, training programs, or self-study.
  • Building a strong portfolio or resume showcasing their skills and projects.
  • Networking with professionals in the IT industry and seeking mentorship or guidance.
  • Applying for internships, entry-level positions, or freelance opportunities to gain practical experience and establish a foothold in the field.
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Mayank Gupta is a trailblazing AVP of Engineering at Scaler, with roots in BITS Pilani and seasoned experience from OYO and Samsung. With over nine years in the tech arena, he's a beacon for engineering leadership, adept in guiding both people and products. Mayank's expertise spans developing scalable microservices, machine learning platforms, and spearheading cost-efficiency and stability enhancements. A mentor at heart, he excels in recruitment, mentorship, and navigating the complexities of stakeholder management.
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Anshuman Singh, Co-Founder of Scaler, is on a mission to forge over a million world-class engineers. With his roots in engineering, having contributed to building Facebook's chat and messages and the revamped Messenger, Anshuman is deeply committed to elevating engineering education. His vision focuses on delivering the right learning outcomes to nurture a new generation of tech leaders. Anshuman's journey is defined by his dedication to unlocking the potential of aspiring engineers, guiding them toward achieving excellence in the tech world.
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