Java Full Stack Developer Roadmap for 2024

Niyati ThakkarAnshuman Singh
26 Min Read

According to the TIOBE Index for 2024, Java holds the 4th position among the top programming languages. While both PYPL Index rank it as the 2nd most popular language globally and in India. Data predicts that the future of Java programming is brighter and the demand for Java programming professionals, like full-stack Java developers, will increase in the future. In 2024, pursuing a career as a Full Stack Java developer can be a great choice.

This Java Full Stack Developer roadmap has been meticulously crafted through extensive research into emerging technologies and industry trends. It anticipates the future demands of the tech landscape, ensuring that you’re equipped with the skills and knowledge needed to stay ahead of the curve and thrive in the rapidly evolving field of software development.

Before you dive into this roadmap, we have a brief little bit about Java for you, so let’s look into that first.

What is Java?

Java is one of the most popular programming languages first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. It is currently owned by Oracle and is used for Mobile applications(especially Android apps), desktop applications, web applications, games, database connections, and much more.

Java is open-source, free, and provides a huge community support consisting of tens of millions of developers. Java’s object-oriented foundation, rich ecosystem, platform independence, scalability, database prowess, performance, and security, make it a versatile and powerful tool for full-stack development, enabling you to craft robust and adaptable applications.

Who is a Java Developer?

A developer who develops, designs, debugging, testing, and manages Java-based applications is a Java developer. Most large organizations have applications, websites, etc. built on Java. A Java developer is responsible for creating robust, scalable, and high-performance software applications for various platforms and industries.

How this Java Full Stack Developer Roadmap Can Benefit You?

Curious about what sets this Java roadmap apart and how it can benefit your journey toward becoming a full-stack developer in Java? Well, let’s delve into its uniqueness and how it can propel your preparation:

Guidance and Direction:

This roadmap provides clear guidance on the essential skills and technologies you need to master as a Java full-stack developer, offering a structured path to follow in your career journey.

Industry-Relevant Knowledge:

The roadmap is designed based on industry trends and best practices, ensuring that you acquire the in-demand Java skills and knowledge needed to excel in the competitive job market of 2024 and beyond.

Career Advancement Opportunities:

As you progress through the roadmap and master the specified skills, you’ll become a highly sought-after candidate for Java full stack developer roles, opening up new career opportunities and potential for advancement in your field.

Java Developer Roadmap: Step-by-Step Guide

Over ten weeks, you’ll delve into front-end and back-end development, database management, build tools, web services, and APIs. Additionally, you’ll explore cloud computing platforms, hone soft skills, and apply your knowledge through hands-on projects, ensuring a comprehensive skillset for Java Full Stack Developers.

Week 1 – Fundamentals of Java

In the first week of this roadmap, you’ll delve into the fundamental aspects of Java. While Java’s syntax is relatively straightforward to grasp, mastering its intricacies takes time, akin to honing any craft. Understanding Java’s core concepts is pivotal for software development in Java. To kickstart your journey, you’ll begin by installing a Java IDE such as IntelliJ or Eclipse.

Let’s Understand the Important Topics to Learn:

  • Decision Making
  • Control Flow
  • Methods
  • Object-Oriented Concepts (Abstraction, Inheritance, Polymorphism, and Abstraction)
  • Arrays
  • File Handling
  • Debugging
  • Collection Framework
  • Generics
  • Multithreading
  • Lambda-expression
  • Language syntax
  • Exception handling 
  • Input/Output

There are numerous resources to master Java fundamentals. The best way is to read Java documentation and refer to books like “Head First Java” by Kathy Sierra and Bert Bates, “Java: A Beginner’s Guide” by Herbert Schildt, or complete Java tutorials. If you face any difficulty there’s always a huge developer community to help you on Stack Over Flow and web tutorials.

Week 2 – Fundamentals of DSA

Coming to the second week on this roadmap, you need to master DSA. DSA is core to computer science, and understanding Data Structures and Algorithms is very much essential to writing efficient and scalable code. They are the backbone of problem-solving and play a crucial role in interviews, competitive coding, as well as development procedures.

Data Structures

Some of the data structures to master are:

  • Arrays: Contiguous memory locations for storing elements.
  • Linked Lists: Elements linked together in a linear sequence.
  • Stacks: Follows Last In, First Out (LIFO) principle.
  • Queues: Follows First In, First Out (FIFO) principle.
  • Trees: Hierarchical structure with nodes connected by edges.
  • Graphs: Networks of nodes connected by edges.

Algorithms

  • Searching Algorithms: Find the location of a specific item in a collection. Examples: Linear Search, Binary Search.
  • Sorting Algorithms: Arrange elements in a specific order. Examples: Bubble Sort, Merge Sort, Quick Sort.
  • Graph Algorithms: Traverse or manipulate graphs. Examples: Depth-First Search (DFS) and breadth-first Search (BFS).
  • Dynamic Programming: Solve complex problems by breaking them into simpler overlapping subproblems. Example: Fibonacci Sequence calculation.
  • Greedy Algorithms: Make locally optimal choices to find a global optimum at each stage. Example: Dijkstra’s algorithm for finding the shortest path.

These are widely used but don’t restrict yourself to these, explore as many as you can. Learning DSA is mostly about practice, problem-solving, and reasoning.

Week 3 – Front-End Development

In Week 3, we must dive into foundational aspects of web development, focusing on the front end. The building blocks of creating engaging user interfaces and interactive experiences using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript must be covered. From structuring web pages to styling elements and adding dynamic functionality, this week sets the stage for mastering the front-end development essentials.

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript

HTML, CSS, and JS are easy to graph through resolution, and DOM will require dedicated practice and understanding of content rendering. Try building some basic web pages like a to-do list, dairy, etc., and see how you can fit them into different screen resolutions.

Frontend frameworks speed up the development by providing pre-built components and libraries, enhancing efficiency, scalability, and user experience in web applications.

Some of the popular front-end frameworks highly used are:

  • React Framework
  • Angular Framework

React is used for dynamic applications, and performance-critical projects, and facilitates flexibility, and a variety of tools and libraries to choose from. Whereas, Angular is mostly used for large-scale enterprise applications and familiarity with TypeScript.

There is no “best” choice begin with one of them and get your hands dirty. It is always easy to master the other if you master one. You can rely on official documentation, or follow tutorials and courses.

Week 4 – Backend Development with Java

In Week 4, we’ll delve into backend development using Java, focusing on server-side programming and data management. Let us explore the robust capabilities of Java for building scalable and efficient backend systems, mastering concepts such as server logic, database connectivity, and API development to create dynamic and powerful web applications.

  • Core Java
  • JSP and Servlets
  • Spring Framework
  • Spring Boot
  • Hibernate Framework

Core Java lays the foundation for Java development, JSP and Servlets enable dynamic web page generation and handling of HTTP requests. The Spring Framework facilitates the development of enterprise-grade applications with its comprehensive features for dependency injection, aspect-oriented programming, and MVC architecture. Spring Boot simplifies and accelerates the process of building stand-alone, production-ready Spring applications. Hibernate Framework offers powerful ORM capabilities, abstracting database interactions and simplifying data persistence in Java applications.

To learn advanced Java, a course or tutorial can be handy.

Week 5 – Database Management System

So, apart from business logic and user interface, the third pillar of full-stack development is the database. It is the most essential as everything is incomplete without the data.

This involves CRUD (Create Read Update Delete) operations on data present in the database directly from the interface with the help of business logic without manually intervening with the database. This requires a good understanding of the DBMS. Examples include MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, etc.

  • RDBMS
  • SQL(Structured Query Language)
  • NoSQL (Not Only SQL)

Knowledge of both SQL and NoSQL is necessary. It is not possible to know NoSQL without knowing SQL. At the same time NoSQL formats like JSON are widely used.

Week 6 – Java Build Tools and Dependency Management

In Week 6, we tackle Java Build Tools and Dependency Management. Here, we explore essential tools like Maven and Gradle, along with dependency management concepts, to streamline project development and ensure scalability and maintainability.

Build tools automate the tasks involved in transforming source code into executable applications. Any application is built with the help of external libraries and modules. Dependency management tools maintain these. Popular Java build tools are:

  • Gradle
  • Maven

Build tools help increase efficiency, improve consistency, dependency management, and continuous Integration and Deployment (CI/CD).

Week 7 – Web Services and Java APIs

In Week 7, we explore Web Services and Java APIs. Here, you’ll master the design, development, and utilization of web services using Java, enabling you to create efficient and scalable applications for seamless communication over the web.

Application Programming Interfaces or APIs are software components that facilitate communication between two different types of applications.

Web services are software systems designed to support interactions over the Internet without the need to share sensitive information. It provides functionality to other applications such as payment processing, login, database access, etc. Following are the two most famous web services –

  • SOAP
  • JSON

Web services act as an interface, they hide the implementation details and can be used without the limitation of hardware or software platform, independent of the programming language. They are loosely coupled, cross-technology, and component-oriented implementations.

  • RESTful API

Representational State Transfer API or RESTful API has become part of the architectural style for building web APIs known for their simplicity, flexibility, and scalability. They are stateless as they use HTTP methods, resources, and data formats for client-server communication. Start by understanding the basics and then choose a framework and practice building your APIs!

Week 8 – Explore Cloud Computing (Bonus): AWS, Azure, GCP

Cloud Computing has revolutionized business operations by providing on-demand access to resources like servers, storage, databases, and networking over the Internet.

In Week 8, we will focus on a bonus exploration of Cloud Computing, focusing on the leading platforms AWS, Azure, and GCP. This week, we delve into the fundamentals of cloud computing and how these platforms revolutionize the way applications are built, deployed, and managed. Gain insights into key cloud services, deployment models, and best practices, empowering you to leverage the power of the cloud in your Java development projects.

You can learn about some of the popular service providers such as:

  • AWS
  • Azure
  • Google Cloud Platform (GCP)

Week 9 – Soft Skills Development for Java Full Stack Developers

Developers require soft skills as they effectively need to communicate with the clients to understand requirements, collaborate with colleagues, leads, and juniors, solve problems, fix bugs, etc. Developing these skills early in your career will help you a lot. Many companies are focusing more on soft skills as technical skills to some extent can be built with the help of training. 

  • Communication skills
  • Teamwork and Collaboration
  • Adaptability and Flexibility
  • Creativity and Innovation
  • Time Management and Prioritization

Some of the skills cannot be built overnight, it might take some time but be open-minded, adaptable, and open to learning and working in various opportunities.

Week 10 – Apply Your Knowledge through Hands-on Projects

Whatever you have learned in previous modules can be put together in a dynamic project to solidify your understanding and showcase your skills. 

  • Choose a project that aligns with your interests and skill levels. Choose a big enough project but don’t pick something you know you will never complete.
  • Clearly define all the requirements of your project. Sit for some time with pen and paper and write all the features you wish to see in your application.
  • Design the frontend and backend architecture for your application. Consider using best practices, and principles of software engineering. This project must be scalable.
  • Implement the features and functionalities written in the requirements and architect. If you find it difficult to add some of the functionality you may leave them in future scope but try to implement most of them. Do not forget to document the whole thing.
  • Test and debug your application against normal and edge cases. Try to fix bugs and eros that may occur. Bugs and Errors are the real way to learn from your mistakes.
  • Deploy and share it with your friends. You may also share on LinkedIn or other platforms to get reviews and feedback.
  • Gather feedback from peers, mentors, users, etc. to identify areas of improvement and further refine your project.

Beginner Project Ideas for Full-Stack Java Developers:

  • To-Do App: Manage tasks with CRUD operations on a local database. Explore basic Java and front-end frameworks.
  • Personal Website: Showcase skills with a dynamic site using Java backend and front-end frameworks like Bootstrap or React.
  • Quiz Game: Build a fun quiz app with a Java backend and a responsive front-end like Angular or Vue.js. Implement scoring and interaction.

Intermediate Project Ideas for Full-Stack Java Developers:

  • E-commerce Store: Design a small online store with product listings, cart, and user authentication. Use Spring Boot backend and a front-end framework like React or Angular for a modern experience. Explore payment APIs.
  • Blog Platform: Create a platform for managing blog posts, including user registration, content editing, and comments. Use Java and a database like MySQL, and choose a front-end framework for the interface.
  • Social Media Clone: Develop a scaled-down version of a popular platform, focusing on key features like profiles, feeds, and basic interaction. Implement user authentication and WebSocket/Kafka communication for real-time updates.

Advanced Project Ideas for Full-Stack Java Developers:

  • Real-time Chat App: Build a chat application with real-time updates and group chat using WebSocket and Spring Kafka. Design a scalable architecture for high-user traffic.
  • Job Board Platform: Create a platform for job seekers and employers, including job posting, searching, and applications. Implement search algorithms, recommendation systems, and user roles with secure access control. Explore microservices and cloud deployment.
  • Project Management Tool: Build a collaborative tool with task management, team communication, and progress tracking. Use agile methodologies and integrate Kanban boards and Gantt charts. Design a user-friendly interface with file sharing and notifications.

Other Mandatory Tools and Skills for Java Developers

  1. Git
  2. GitHub
  3. Docker
  4. Kubernetes
  5. Jira and Confluence

Java Full Stack Developer Career Opportunities With Salary

Java developers have a wide range of career opportunities across various industries, including software development, finance, healthcare, e-commerce, and more. Here are some exciting career paths you can explore:

Full Stack Developer: As a Full Stack Java Developer, you’ll have the skills to design, develop, and maintain both the front-end and back-end components of web applications. You’ll work with technologies like Java, Spring Boot, Hibernate, HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to create dynamic and interactive web solutions. The average salary for Full Stack Developer is ₹9,20,000 per year in the India.

Software Engineer: Java is widely used in enterprise-level software development. With expertise in full-stack development, you can pursue roles as a Software Engineer, where you’ll design and build robust software solutions for businesses across various industries. The average salary for Software Engineer is ₹8,70,000 per year in the India.

Web Application Developer: Your proficiency in Java and related technologies will make you an ideal candidate for roles focused on developing web applications. Whether it’s e-commerce platforms, content management systems, or enterprise resource planning software, your skills will be in demand. The average salary for Web Application Developer is ₹6,10,000 per year in the India.

Back-End Developer: With a strong understanding of Java’s back-end frameworks like Spring Boot and Hibernate, you can specialize as a Back-End Developer. You’ll focus on building and optimizing server-side logic, databases, and APIs to power web applications and services. The average salary for Back-End Developer is ₹7,00,000 per year in the India.

Front-End Developer: While full-stack developers handle both front-end and back-end development, you may choose to specialize in front-end development if you have a keen eye for user interface design and user experience. Your knowledge of Java and front-end technologies like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript will make you a valuable asset in this role. The average salary for Front-End Developer is ₹6,70,000 per year in the India.

System Architect: As you gain experience in full-stack development, you’ll have the opportunity to take on more strategic roles, such as System Architect. In this role, you’ll design and oversee the architecture of complex software systems, ensuring scalability, security, and performance. The average salary for System Architect is ₹22,94,571 per year in the India.

Java Full Stack Developer Pay Scale Based on Experience

ExperienceIndia – Average Salary (₹)
Fresher (>1 year)3 LPA
Early Career (1-4 years)4.5 LPA
Mid Career (5-9 years)9 LPA
Experienced (<10 years)14 LPA

Java Full Stack Developer Pay Scale Based on Companies in India

CompanyIndia – Average Salary (₹)
Tata Consultancy Services4.5 LPA
Cognizant Technology Solutions5.9 LPA
Capgemini4 LPA
Infosys4.5 LPA
Virtusa5.5 LPA
Wipro5.7LPA

This salary information is collected from reputable resources like Glassdoor, Indeed, etc. Salary ranges mentioned above are approximate and can vary significantly based on factors such as years of experience, geographical location, industry, company size, and individual skills and qualifications.

Career Advancement and Certifications

Scaler Academy’s Full-stack developer course can help you advance your career and prepare to become a Java full-stack web developer by providing you with:

  • Structured curriculum: The course covers the essential concepts of Java full-stack development, including programming languages, data structures, algorithms, system design, and web development frameworks. The curriculum is designed to be industry-vetted and relevant to the skills that employers are looking for.
  • Live classes: The course is taught by experienced instructors who have worked in the industry. The live classes provide an opportunity to interact with the instructors and get your doubts solved.
  • Hands-on experience: The course includes real-world projects that will help you apply your learning to practical scenarios as well as showcase your skills.
  • Mentorship: You will be assigned a mentor who will provide you with guidance and support throughout the course.
  • Career support: Scaler Academy has a team of career coaches who can help you with your job search. They can help you with resume writing, interviewing skills, and networking.

Conclusion – Pro Tip for Aspiring Java Full Stack Developers

  • Remember to choose resources that align with your learning style and goals. It’s also essential to practice regularly and build projects to reinforce your understanding of Java fundamentals.
  • Don’t forget to practice regularly by solving problems and implementing algorithms and data structures in your projects. Consistent practice is key to mastering DSA concepts.
  • Take note that learning React or Angular is a journey that requires patience, persistence, and continuous learning. 
  • Don’t hesitate to seek help from online resources and communities whenever you encounter challenges or have questions.
  • Continuously update your skills, stay informed about the latest trends and best practices in backend development, and actively participate in the Java developer community.
  • Keep updating your skills and projects with whatever you learn. Also, add your projects to your portfolio. This will help you showcase your work and present your skills at times.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I become a full-stack developer in Java?

Almost all the necessary topics to study in detail are covered above. Master fundamentals of Java, frontend HTML, CSS, and JS, backend frameworks like SpringBoot, RESTful APIs, and databases and build projects simple as well as complex.

Is Java good for full-stack developers?

Yes, Java offers a robust foundation for full-stack development due to versatility, large community and resources, demand and job opportunities, scalability, and performance.

Is a career as a Java Developer a wise choice in 2024 and beyond in the era of AI?

Java remains a highly relevant and in-demand language, although AI might shift parts of the development landscape. Java’s versatility and established presence ensure its continued usefulness in various domains.

Are there specific frameworks within Java that I should focus on for full-stack development?

Yes, Spring Boot, Spring MVC, React, Angular, Hibernate, etc. are important.

How important is knowledge of data structures and algorithms for a Full Stack Developer?

Data Structures are the very first step in hiring interviews. Apart from interviews, they are crucial for understanding core programming concepts, problem-solving, and optimizing code efficiency. Strong DS&A skills enable you to design effective solutions and write better Java code. Platforms like InterviewBit, LeetCode, etc. can be used to enhance skills.

Is it necessary to specialize in a frontend framework like React or Angular as a Java Full Stack Developer?

While not mandatory, it can be beneficial for deep expertise in front-end development.

What is the average salary of a full-stack developer in India?

Varies based on experience, skills, location, and company. As of 2024, it ranges from ₹5.5 to ₹18 lakhs per year, with senior developers earning substantially more.

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SOURCES:TIOBEPYPL
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Niyati Thakkar, a junior software engineer, is excited to start her journey in the world of technology. She has a strong passion for learning and is dedicated to achieving excellence. Niyati aims to grow in her field and make meaningful contributions to software development.
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Anshuman Singh, Co-Founder of Scaler, is on a mission to forge over a million world-class engineers. With his roots in engineering, having contributed to building Facebook's chat and messages and the revamped Messenger, Anshuman is deeply committed to elevating engineering education. His vision focuses on delivering the right learning outcomes to nurture a new generation of tech leaders. Anshuman's journey is defined by his dedication to unlocking the potential of aspiring engineers, guiding them toward achieving excellence in the tech world.
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